At the sitting of the Riigikogu, the Minister of Finance Sven Sester made an overview of the State Budget for 2016 Bill (103 SE), initiated by the Government.
The volume of the next year’s budget is 8.9 billion euro. It is 4.2 percent or 358 million euro larger than was planned in the state budget for 2015.
Sester said that this budget will support the economic growth of Estonia, increase the economic security of families with children, pensioners and low-salaried people, and increase the defence capability of Estonia.
The draft state budget has been drafted so that the budget position of the state in 2016 is in structural surplus as the basic State Budget Act requires. It is in compliance with the financial and economic policy objectives of the state. The expenditure planned is affordable for the state and is covered by revenues, when looking into the future.
According to the summer forecast of the Ministry of Finance, the real growth of the Estonian economy, that is, gross national product, will accelerate to 2.6% next year, from the 1.7 % of the current year. A more important indicator in terms of the receipt of tax revenues is the growth of GDP in running prices that also takes into account inflation. Thus, together with price rise, the growth of GDP will reach 3.1% in 2015 and accelerate to 5.5% in 2016. A precondition for accelerating the economic growth of Estonia is recovery of the increase in foreign demand for our export goods, Sester explained. He noted that, according to the forecast, 5.3% more tax revenue will be received in the state budget in 2016 than a year earlier.
Sester pointed out a number of important costs in the coming year’s budget. The Ministry of Social Affairs who is responsible for pensions and health insurance will receive the greatest share. Social insurance benefits account for approximately two billion euro in total; of that, state pensions account for 1.66 billion euro. Growth will be 89 million euro, and the state support to mandatory funded pension funds will be 304 million euro. Again, growth will be 34 million euro next year compared to this year. This will ensure a pension increase of 5.7% as of 1 April, so that the average pension will be 395 euro next year.
The budget prescribes increasing the basic exemption to 170 euro, child benefit to 50 euro, and to 100 euro for families with three and more children next year. The budget provides for a 4 percent rise in the salary fund of teachers, culture workers and social workers, police officers and other internal security officers.
Sester noted that the traditional supports for rural life and fisheries will total 310 million euro next year. We will receive 7.6 million euro from the European Union to alleviate the crisis situation of farmers. The Government of Estonia has decided to add exactly the same amount, 7.6 million euro. So we will give a total of 15.2 million euro of extraordinary aid to milk producers and pig breeders. The Estonian Government’s contribution to that will be 4.6 million euro in the budget for 2016, and 3 million euro have been planned to be allocated from the budget for 2015 to enable faster action. However, the majority of the money will reach farmers in 2016. In addition, the Government has decided to pay extraordinarily 8.2 million euro to mitigate the swine fever crisis already from the budget for 2015. Part of that money will also reach farmers in 2016.
For three and a half hours, Sester answered questions of clarification on the coming year’s budget from members of the Riigikogu. The MPs asked about the justification of the optimism of the budget, economic growth, the justification of revenues and expenditure, teachers’ salaries, problems relating to the decrease of labour force, the supporting of agriculture, the revenue base of local governments, and several other issues in the budget.
The Chairman of the Finance Committee Remo Holsmer gave an overview of the discussions that had been held in the Committee with the ministers of relevant areas. These meetings will continue this week. In Holsmer’s opinion, the meetings with ministers had been constructive. In the grand scheme they are satisfied with the allocation of the budget funds. The next year’s budget is nearly balanced, which is 0.1 percent of GDP. However, the structural position will remain in surplus, which is 0.6 percent of GDP.
The deliberation of the coming year’s state budget was adjourned due to the end of the working hours of the sitting. At tomorrow’s sitting, there will be a debate with the participation of representatives of factions.
The first reading of the Bill on Amendments to the Work Ability Allowance Act and Amendments to Other Associated Acts (84 SE), initiated by the Government, will take place at tomorrow’s sitting.
Video recordings of the sittings of the Riigikogu can be viewed at https://www.youtube.com/riigikogu
(NB! The recording will be uploaded with a delay.)
Riigikogu Press Service
Gunnar Paal, 6316351, 51902837
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