By its world view, the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union Faction is rightist and conservative and its policies are first of all based on defending the national interests and security of Estonia.
Pro Patria and Res Publica Union Faction of the 13th Riigikogu has 12 members.
For long periods the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union has carried the responsibility for governing the state, and thus the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union faction is one of the factions of the Riigikogu that has influenced the life in Estonia the most. The main role of the faction has been to stand for the Bills that protect national interests, promote open economy and guarantee high-quality education for everyone. The priorities of the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union include the survival of the state and creating conditions for more children to grow up in happy and well-off families.
The Pro Patria and Res Publica Union has initiated the Bill on national maintenance allowance fund, according to which the state would guarantee the paymant of maintenance support to single parents. Earlier, the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union has initiated the parental pension, thanks to which, since 2013, a pension supplement for raising a child will be calculated and added to old age pension, pension for incapacity for work and survivor’s pension.
Did you know that the Honorary Chairman of the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union Mart Laar, who has also been the Prime Minister of Estonia several times, has written 34 books?
For many years the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union has stood for the administrative reform of Estonia. The faction has also initiated a number of Bills that decentralise public administration, and considers it necessary to carry out the state reform in order to reduce bureaucracy and make the administration of the state more effective. Under the auspices of the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union, several state agencies have been transferred from the capital to the county centres. For example, the Ministry of Education and Research was moved to Tartu, the Rural Development Foundation to Viljandi, and the proposal to move the Academy of Security Sciences to Ida-Virumaa.
After the parties of PPU and RP merged in 2006, the ideology of the party has become more pragmatic, the aims it has set have a wider social base. Thus the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union focuses its policy not only on economic development but also on population growth, defence issues, and the quality and availability of education. A lot of attention is given to the long-term impact of today´s decisions.
The leaders of the party have named Margaret Thatcher, as their role model: as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, she had carry out painful reforms that, however, brought along great economic growth.
Political priorities in the near future
The work of the faction is focused on the access of the people to high-quality education that is the basis of the competitiveness of the country. The Pro Patria and Res Publica Union also wishes to give the right to vote to all the citizens of Estonia from the moment of their birth, and in this way increase the weight of the votes of families with children in passing important. In order to increase the income of the population, the party plans to grant income tax exemption to those who earn less than 500 euro per month. In the defence issues, the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union stresses the importance of stability, especially by keeping the defence expenses below 2% of the GDP.
Did you know that conservatism emerged in the last decade of the 18th century, and originally it meant opposition to the French Revolution and other such movements?
The Pro Patria and Res Publica Union was born as a result of the merging of several different, mostly right-wing political parties. The beginnings of the party date back to 1988 when the Estonian National Independence Party was founded. That was the party to lay the foundations for the election coalition Pro Patria which won the elections in 1992, and the Pro Patria Union that was formed in 1995.
The Pro Patria and Res Publica Union was created when the party Pro Patria Union and Res Publica, which was founded as an association in 1989 and later became a political party, merged in 2006. The Pro Patria and Res Publica Union and its predecessors have participated in the work of six governments. Former prime ministers Mart Laar and Juhan Parts are members of the party.
The general public mainly knows the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union by the radical market economy reforms initiated by the former Pro Patria Union and its Prime Minister Mart Laar. These reforms were known as shock therapy among the people, but they brought Estonia rapid economic success and the reputation of an economic prodigy.
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