By its worldview, Isamaa Faction is rightist and conservative, and its policies are first of all based on defending the national interests and the security of Estonia.
Isamaa Faction of the 13th Riigikogu has 11 members.
For long periods, Isamaa has carried the responsibility for governing the state, and thus Isamaa Faction is one of the factions of the Riigikogu that have influenced the life in Estonia the most. The main role of the faction has been to stand for the bills that protect national interests, promote open economy and guarantee high-quality education that is available to all. The priorities of Isamaa Faction are the survival of the state, and that more children who could grow up in happy and well-off families would be born in Estonia.
Isamaa initiated the bill on national maintenance allowance fund, according to which the state would guarantee the paying of maintenance support to the parents who are raising their children alone. Before that, Isamaa initiated the establishing of the parental pension, thanks to which, since 2013, pension supplement for raising a child will be added to the old age pension, pension for incapacity for work and survivor’s pension.
Did you know that the Honorary Chairman of Isamaa Mart Laar, who has also been the Prime Minister of Estonia several times, has written 34 books?
For many years, Isamaa Faction stood for the administrative reform of Estonia. The faction has also initiated a number of bills that decentralise public administration, and considers it necessary to carry out the state reform in order to reduce bureaucracy and make the administration of the state more effective. Under the auspices of Isamaa, several state agencies have been transferred from the capital to the county centres. For example, the Ministry of Education and Research was moved to Tartu and the Rural Development Foundation to Viljandi.
After the Pro Patria Union and Res Publica merged in 2006, the ideology of the party has become more pragmatic, the aims it has set have a wider social base. Thus, Isamaa focuses its policy not only on economic development but also on population growth, defence issues, and the quality and availability of education. The impact of today’s decisions in a longer perspective is considered important.
The leaders of the party have named Margaret Thatcher, as their role model: as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, she had carry out painful reforms that, however, brought along great economic growth.
Political priorities in the near future
The work of the faction is focused on the access of the people to high-quality education that is the basis of the competitiveness of the country. Isamaa also wishes to give the right to vote to all citizens of Estonia from the moment of their birth, and in this way increase the weight of the votes of families with children in passing decisions that are important for the state. We stand for keeping the tax exemption on 500 euro for low-salaried persons. In the defence issues, Isamaa emphasises the importance of stability, especially by keeping the defence expenses at not less than 2% of the GDP.
Did you know that conservatism emerged in the last decade of the 18th century, and originally it meant opposition to the French Revolution and other such movements?
The party Isamaa was born as a result of the merger of several, mainly rightist political parties. The beginnings of the party date back to 1988 when the Estonian National Independence Party was founded. That was the party to lay the foundations for the election coalition Pro Patria, which won the elections in 1992, and the Pro Patria Union that, was formed in 1995.
The Pro Patria and Res Publica Union was created when the party Pro Patria Union and Res Publica, which was founded as an association in 1989 and later became a political party, merged in 2006. The Pro Patria and Res Publica Union and its predecessors participated in the work of six governments. Former prime ministers Mart Laar and Juhan Parts are members of the party. In 2018, the party changed its name to Isamaa.
The general public mainly knows Isamaa by the radical market economy reforms carried out during the first half of the 1990s and initiated by the former Pro Patria Union and its Prime Minister Mart Laar. These reforms were known as shock therapy among the people, but they brought Estonia rapid economic success and the reputation of an economic prodigy.
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