The Riigikogu is the representative body of the nation. Its 101 members are elected by the people. Under the Constitution, the Riigikogu is the holder of legislative power. The Riigikogu has 101 members which is approximately the cube root of the number of people in Estonia with the right to vote. The mandate of a Member of the Riigikogu commences on the day of the announcement of the election results.
One of the most important tasks of the Riigikogu as a national assembly is to adopt resolutions, carry out parliamentary supervision and conduct foreign relations.